多边贸易体制之非互惠法理基础探析*
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郝荻:西南政法大学国际法学院博士研究生。研究方向:国际贸易法。

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F744/DF96

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本文受国家社科基金项目“WTO双重二元结构理论研究”(项目编号:17XFX010)的资助


Analysis on Jurisprudential Basis of Non-reciprocity in the Multilateral Trading System
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    摘要:

    美国贸易政策的“对等”诉求严重冲击并挤压了非互惠的理念和制度空间。为此,学界有必要进一步论证并夯实多边贸易体制中非互惠的法理基础。多边贸易体制中的非互惠既契合了国家经济主权、公平互利以及全球合作几项国际经济法的基本原则,还为塑造包容性发展理念、构建包容性发展格局创造了空间,推动了发展权基本理念在多边贸易体制中的落实与完善。多边贸易体制中的非互惠还能够提升多边贸易规则治理的正当性,增进规则形成的民主化程度与规则输出的有效性,在化解WTO规则生成危机方面发挥重要作用。鉴于非互惠坚实的法理基础,WTO成员应强化非互惠在多边贸易体制中的法律地位,努力达成非互惠制度体系建设的共识,推动非互惠从贸易体制的边缘向核心区域发展。

    Abstract:

    In the face of the impact on non-reciprocity idea and institution caused by the “reciprocity” strategic demand of the United State, the academia needs to further demonstrate and consolidate the jurisprudential basis of the non-reciprocity in the multilateral trade system. Non-reciprocity in the multilateral trading system conforms to some basic principles of international economic law, such as national economic sovereignty, fairness and mutual benefit, and global cooperation. It also creates space for building inclusive development idea and pattern, and promotes the implementation and improvement of the right to development in the multilateral trade system. In addition, non-reciprocity in the multilateral trade system can enhance the legitimacy of the governance of the multilateral trade rules, increase the level of democratization and improve the effectiveness of rules’ output, and it also plays an important role in resolving the rule-making crisis in the WTO. In view of the solid jurisprudential basis of the non-reciprocity, the WTO members should strengthen the legal status of non-reciprocity in the multilateral trade system, and strive to reach a consensus on constructing the non-reciprocity institution, and promote the non-reciprocity to evolve from the edge to the center of the trading system.

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郝荻.多边贸易体制之非互惠法理基础探析*[J].上海对外经贸大学学报,2021,(6):15-29.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-11-10
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